Yes, there are different types of spam. There are so many types it gets even hard to create one single list. But we've built one. We've put together a list of the 7 most common types of email spam.
We define spam as an unsolicited message that may or may not have a malicious bias. When we say malicious, we’re talking about scams and frauds. Another characteristic that determines spam is that they’re bulk messages, reaching millions of people every day.
Let's go to our list of types of email spam
1. Ads. This is one of the most common types of spam. I bet you've already received several unsolicited emails offering products and services, such as weight loss pills and tennis offers. In many cases it may be a scam but the offer may also be real.
2. Chain Letters. “Something bad will happen to you”. Usually, chain letters tell exciting and thrilling stories and persuade you to pass the message along under penalty of having something very bad happen to you. Be careful or you’re going to have a run of bad luck. Buuuuuu!
3. Email Spoofing. Spoofing email spam is related to phishing scams. They happen when spammers or phishers try to fool you by impersonating someone you know or a company you have a relationship with. This is one of the most dangerous types of spam.
4. Hoaxes. In this type of spam, we include offers and miracle promises, such as, for example, "get rich in less than a month" or "gain the body of your dream by eating more and working out less". In general, this tactic is used by spammers to hold your attention and direct you to a malicious website.
5. Money Scams. Here we’ve spam messages with easy money promises, such as the Nigerian prince scheme. In this case, you apparently only have to lend a small amount of money to receive a big reward in the future. Money spam also involves asking for money for hungry children in Africa or for families who have suffered losses as a result of a natural disaster.
6. Malware Warnings. If you receive an email warning you about a malware infection on your device, such as ransomware or virus, this is probably a malware warning spam. In some cases, the spammers say they have the solution to your problem and that you just need to provide some information or download an attachment. Watch out!
7. Porn Spam. We decided to add this type of spam on the list because it's very common. Sending pornography through email is widely used by spammers because the pornography market is very lucrative, increasing people's interest. Of course, spammers know that and use it to create malicious emails using erotic images and videos.
How to identify spam and avoid them
We’ve already talked about spam protection. You can read more about it in our post “7 ways to identify spam”. We hope you like it.